Fulani marriage

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Fulani marriage

Listed bellow is some of the countries you can find the Fulani people. They number an estimated forty five million 45million across 30 countries and a large number of them are nomadic and others highly placed individuals.

fulani marriage

Because of their wide spread and diversity they speak several languages determined by the regions they inhabit, the major language spoken is Hausa and Arabic.

Fulani tribes are generally concentrated in West Africa and their main religion is Islam, and the Fulani people have a strong ethic group linked to the Tuareg, Tukulor and Hausa. The widely dispersed people have common beliefs, customs, religious practices, culture and traditions with slight variations.

Fulani practice Endogamy which is marrying a relation or cousin; they seldom marry outside their tribe keeping the wealth within the family unit. Although they are endogamous they practice a cast system that seldom intermarries with clear distinctions between the upper class and lower cast.

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The Fulani are divided along class lines and are allowed according to Islamic injunction to marry up to four wives if they so wish. They practice endogamy marrying distant cousins as first choices before other wives and go through the three stages which is the flogging called Sharo, Koowgal a dowry payment and Kabbal.

The Kabbal is an Islamic ceremony akin to marriage ceremony but without the attendance of bride or groom. The Koowgal is the handing over of a herd of cattle as dowry prior to the maiden moving in as a wife.

The traditional Islamic wedding ceremony might vary according to subgroup but have Islamic laws as a core element. Polygamy is allowed in Islamic settings so long as the man can provide adequately for the wives upkeep, majority of Fulani marriages are arranged marriages. But they also have the freedom to choose their partners especially in special occasions like the young maidens dance.

Modern Muslim weddings after the dowry has been paid and the traditional Islamic ceremony concluded in a mosque or hall they might opt for a reception if they so wish. One of the Fulani maiden dances is called theTumbudi; the young girls carry a calabash bowl on their head wearing native fabric made out of cotton. They dance to local trumpets, and talking drum like gungun and Kalangu drums.

The young Fulani girls in certain regions perform a high energy jump like dance in rhythmic sequence showing their virility and youthfulness. Marring young is encouraged in the Fulani and Hausa communities sometimes taking brides as young as fourteen years of age.

Ceremonial meals include lots of diary products, yogurt, sorghum and wheat, they also favor heavy portage and most meals consist of millet, corn, and rice. Because they are also prolific farmers they have lots of tomatoes, peppers, vegetables and meat, they eat together in large groups during festivals and special occasions. The upper cast Fulani nobles are excluded from the interesting test of manhood. Sharo tradition is a public flogging of a potential groom before his nuptial; it is also practiced during important occasion like chieftaincy coronations, sport, and rite of manhood ceremonies.

Nomadic Fulani like other tribe members are proud warriors instilled with discipline, courage and hard work. The Sharo tradition is a highly revered tradition they hold dear going through the flogging to show courage and strength. The rule is simple show no fear or pain while he publicly endures brutal flogging with arms akimbo holding a stick and dancing to drum beats with chants and incantations.

The Sharo tradition is attended by several tribes and might be a week long festivities with songs and dances. Special renditions by local bards, dance troupes, young maiden dances, horse riding, pulsating drum beats, trade and revelry are common on such occasions making the ceremony colorful and interesting. The Sharo tradition is sometimes observed when his wife delivers his first male child or sport.

The groom undergoing Sharo is usually accompanied by his relatives who encourage him during this public flogging. He also has a wing man that might volountire to take some of the flogging in his stead if the occasion arises. Most public flogging is carried out in a prominent location like a market place, town hall or open field.These practices have been in practice for decades and are mandatory pre-requisite for marrying daughters from that tribe.

This tradition entails flogging the potential groom publicly just before his nuptials. It is believed that this process is to prove the worth of potential grooms in terms of strength, endurance and resilience, as the nomadic Fulani are one group of people known for their hard work, courage and discipline.

Any groom who can not endure the required number of strokes loses out of the race. Respect in the Yoruba kingdom is synonymous to prostrating and this goes out to every intending groom of a Yoruba girl. This practice involves your chest touching the ground and your entire body stretched like a log of wood.

This prostration process is done four times by the groom before the end of the marriage ceremony. The Virginity test is an ancient Yoruba tradition that has been a very controversial one for many years now. It occurs at the wedding eve where the groom is expected to consummate the marriage and his family will wait at the entrance of the room for him to come out with a bloodstained bed-sheet as confirmation that he married a virgin. However, since the dawn of the 21st century, this tradition seems to be fast fading away.

This is one of Nigerian marriage customs that has over the years raised up a lot of debate and has affected a lot of potential suitors from marrying the person they desire.

fulani marriage

Aside from cash that is required, these gift items can cost up to N, and it gets more expensive if the girl is a bachelors degree holder or has acquired masters or doctorate degree.

After considering all these, many men who find themselves in such situation decide to either postpone the idea of marriage till their elders have tied the knots or go ahead without the blessings of their family. But as change remains constant, people are finding a way around these Nigerian marriage customs.

And some families are considerably lenient in exacting authority over some ancient traditions.

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Is Wentworth Miller Gay or Married? Who Is Bobrisky? About us Contact us Privacy Policy Buzz.This confusion is reflected in the confounding and conflating of names for particular segments or local groups of Fulbe, such as Toroobe and Bororo'en, with the entire ethnic group.

There are groups of Fulani as far east as the border of Ethiopia. Estimates of the number of Fulani vary.

The Fulani Culture and Traditional Wedding Stages

A major problem in reckoning the population is that Fulani are found in twenty nations in a wide swath of Africa — from Mauritania and Senegal to SudanEthiopia, and Kenya. Only Liberia may not have any Fulani settlements. It seems reasonable to accept an estimate of 7 to 8 million nomadic Fulani and 16 million settled Fulani. Linguistic Affiliation. The language is variously known as "Fulfulde," "Pulaar," "Fula," or "Peul," among other names. There are many variations and dialects of Fulfulde.

The influence of surrounding peoples is clearly seen in its local variations. Fulfulde is generally written in Roman script, although in the past it was written in Arabic. A search for the origin of the Fulani is not only futile, it betrays a position toward ethnic identity that strikes many anthropologists as profoundly wrong. Ethnic groups are political-action groups that exist, among other reasons, to attain benefits for their members. Therefore, by definition, their social organization, as well as cultural content, will change over time.

Fulani Traditional Marriage In Nigeria

Moreover, ethnic groups, such as the Fulani, are always coming into — and going out of — existence. Rather than searching for the legendary eastern origin of the Fulani, a more productive approach might be to focus on the meaning of Fulani identity within concrete historical situations and analyze the factors that shaped Fulani ethnicity and the manner in which people used it to attain particular goals. People whom historians identify as Fulani entered present-day Senegal from the north and east.

It is certain that they were a mixture of peoples from northern and sub-Saharan Africa. These pastoral peoples tended to move in an eastern direction and spread over much of West Africa after the tenth century. Their adoption of Islam increased the Fulanis' feeling of cultural and religious superiority to surrounding peoples, and that adoption became a major ethnic boundary marker.

The Toroobe, a branch of the Fulani, settled in towns and mixed with the ethnic groups there. They quickly became noted as outstanding Islamic clerics, joining the highest ranks of the exponents of Islam, along with Berbers and Arabs. The Town Fulani Fulbe Sirre never lost touch with their Cattle Fulani relatives, however, often investing in large herds themselves.

Cattle remain a significant symbolic repository of Fulani values. The Fulani movement in West Africa tended to follow a set pattern. Their first movement into an area tended to be peaceful.Michael Egbosiuba. The Hausa population resides mostly in the northern parts of Nigeria.

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They are predominantly muslims but some are Christians. Hausas are about half of Nigeria population and speaks Hausa language though different tribes among the Hausa have local languages. They are not monolithic. Hausa traditional marriage is based mostly on Islam. Their marriage ceremony is not time consuming and mostly less expensive compared to Igbo and Yoruba traditional marriage. When a man sees the girl he wants to marry, he will first seek permission from her parents.

The family of the future bride will then conduct investigation on the man to ascertain his religious believes, moral, ethics and other issues related to his background. His is allowed to see the girl only if he meets their expectations. The man is not allowed to spend a lot of time when seeing the girl according to Hausa tradition. Physical contacts, romance and courtship before marriage are highly discouraged. The preference is for the bride price to be as low as possible because Islamic teaching teaches that less amount paid as bride dowry price produces the most blessed marriage.

The wedding date are set during the visit by the families of the groom and the bride. The settinf of the date is called Sarana. The wedding date is called Fatihah. It is the day of Solemnization of the two families and payment of the dowry referred to as sadaki. Women are not expected at the wedding Fatihah rather they are indoors, busy preparing the bride for her final moment as a single lady and beginning of life as wife referred as kunshi. Kunshi is similar to bridal shower. Wedding reception called Walimah depends on the families involved.

It is usually held after Fatihah and is a whole day ceremony with food and drinks and enjoyment for families, friends and well wishers. Tags: agreementfamilyHausaparentstarditional marriagetraditional marriage.

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All Things Nigeria. Home Contact Nigerian Newspapers. Share and Enjoy:. Related Posts :. Yoruba Traditional Marriage. Traditional Marriage in Igboland. Tuareg Proverbs. By Blogsdna. Social Networks Facebook Newsletter Twitter. Copyright Except where otherwise noted, content on this site is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Return to top.Fulani Women AfricanAmerica. Rowe A1. They refer to themselves as Fulbe singular pullo.

Fulani Women Celebrated for their beauty and grace, the Fulani women are the pride and the gem of the Celebrated for their beauty and grace. The Fulani women are the pride and the gem of the Fulani society. With their fine, aquiline facial features, Fulani women are known for their attractive dress and hairstyles. Their exquisite adornments of large gold earrings known as, kootone kange and heavy silver rings and bangles, and the hairdos that incorporate large amber beads are well recognized beyond their traditional borders.

Women in the United States have adopted the large earring styles first orginated by these women. Their hair is long and is braided into 5 long braids that either hang from their heads or sometimes are looped on the sides. It is common for the women and girls to have coins attached to their braids. Some of these coins are very old and have been passed down in the family.

fulani marriage

The women enjoywearing many bracelets on their wrists. Like the men, the women have markings on their faces around their eyes and mouths that they were given as children. Marriage Fulani women enjoy greater independence and freedom of movement than women of surrounding Muslim populations. Women are sometimes segregated from men as far as circumstances allowed.

Traditionally, when most marriages being arranged by the families or the clan, a woman has little choice of selecting a husband in traditional Fulani societies. However, there are a few exceptions. In the well celebrated Wodhaabe, women have a choice in selecting their husband during the Gerewol dance.

yadda fulani suke shadi (Hausa Songs / Hausa Films)

In the cities where western influence is prevalence, women are increasingly choosing their husband without the assistance of the family. Although divorce is easy to obtain if the marriage does not work, marriage is a highly valued social act. Couples and their family go to much length to plan weddings, engage large expenses and perform elaborated marriage ceremonies. Marriages are largely arranged and organized by women.

In fact, women take charge of the great majority of the family and the village activities. In addition to her household chores such as cooking, cleaning fetching water, milking and butter and milk product preparation, she often holds a specific specialty such as basket weaving, calabashes decorating, cloth dyeing. Selling their product at the market place is an economic activity well appreciated by the family.

Traditionally women do not own cattle, however this is changing. The family supplemental income is most of the time in the control of women. Perhaps most important is the womens role as custodians of the family traditions, history and lineage. In a given household, a woman often has less income, less wealth and less nutrition than a man, and yet the household is mostly, if not solely, dependent on that womans labor for the generation of products and income.Cattle are an important factor to them and they are used for every ceremony rites, including marriage rites.

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There are names,traditions and taboos concerning cattle and the number of cattle owned is a sign of wealth. They fight to preserve their cattle and the major conflict that arises are linked with their cattle. The men are nomadic and pastoral herdsmen as they move amount with their cattle. They are known to be brave, courageous and hard-working. Fulani people are cahracterised by lighter skins and straighter hair. Marriage in this culture is endogamy and not exogamy.

Two people from the same lineage are allowed to marry each other. Marriage is usually between cross-cousins and parallel-cousins. The children are betrothed even before they were born. Caste system and political stratification come into place in their traditional marriage. The reason why marriage is endogamy is to preserve wealth and royal bloodline. They practice early marriage and it is mostly arranged by the families.

The men marry in their early twenties while the female marry as teenagers. The men are allowed to marry more than one woman so far he has the ability to cater for their needs equally. The caste systems are the nobility, merchants, blacksmith and slaves of wealthy Fulani OR the Rimbe caste, Neeybe caste and the Jeyaabe caste. Members belonging to a caste system are not allowed to members belonging to another.

Marriage is expected to be restricted to the caste system. Young and unmarried women also have the freedom to choose their partner. This is done during their dance ceremony, where they sleep with many Fulani men and later pick their choice. This is the flogging process where men are being publicly flogged by other men. This is to test for his bravery, courage, strength and discipline. This tradition is not compulsory in all ethnic groups in their culture.

The groom in this stage will be followed by his people who will encourage him during the brutal flogging process. This is a stage where the dowry and the bride-price are paid and the most important part of the ceremony.

The groom is also expected to help his father in his cattle rearing. This is known as bride-service. The koowagal legalise the marriage and the most important stage of the union. The kabbal is the Islamic wedding ceremony which can be done in the absence of the prospective couple. Sexual activities before marriage are seen and allowed among the Fulani people while it is warned against in Hausa culture.

But, as soon as a lady decides on whom to marry, she is being restrained from their sexual activities and expected to be faithful to her spouse.

Skip to content. Spread the love by sharing this post. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Comment Name Email Website.Here is a post which is going to give you all you need to know about the Fulani traditional marriage rites in Nigeria. We are also going to briefly tell you about the Fulani people. One of the best traditions that have been preserved by the Fulani people is their marriage rites, though nomads and spread across Western Africa, the Fulani marriage rite still remains preserved.

Though marriages in all Nigerian tribes are sacred, it has a lot of spirituality and traditional values accorded to it among the Fulani people. There has been different views as regards the origin of the Fulani people. Some scholars put it that the Fulani People are of Judaeo-Syrian origin while other scholars believe they are from the Arabian Peninsula, who later migrated to Senegal.

The Fulani people were said to have originated from the Berber people of North Africa, then moved down to Senegal where they later spread to other West Africa countries. They will spread out of Central and West Africa moving eastwards and are reported to be found in Ethiopia.

Nigerian Traditional Wedding: The Fulani marriage rites

Over this period of time, the Fulani people came in contact with diverse tribes adapting to some of their customs and traditions. The Fulani people are basically herdsmen, and due to the nature od their occupation, adopted a nomadic lifestyle traveling several miles in search of the best grazing land for their cattle.

Traditional marriage among the Fulani people is unique, unlike most tribes in Nigeria, the Fulani tend to marry early. Most Fulani men marry in their early twenties while their women marry in their early or late teens. Though this system of marriage endogamy is slowly been abandoned by present generations, as the Fulani now marry people from other tribes whom they share the same religion.

Polygamy is common among the Fulani people as the men are allowed to marry more than one wife, as long as they can take care of them.

They are also expected by their custom to marry off their first cousins before considering other wives. Another aspect of the Fulani marriage which might interest you is that, some marriages among the Fulani people have already been pre-arranged even before the birth of their children.

On the issue of divorce, this is a rare among the Fulani people, as they tend to stay longer in marriage. Though when separation occurs due to death of spouse, the Fulani do not often remarry and when they remarry this usually happens within a year of the separation. Just as we said earlier that marriage rite among the Fulani peoples is unique in Nigeria, marriage among this group of people is one of the most colourful in the country.

Marriage in the Fulani tribe usually occurs in three stages namely; Sharo, Kowgal, Kabbal. He has been a member of the Fourth Estate for three years. He worked with LailasNews for over a year.

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